Highlights in history on this date:
1642 - Astronomer Galileo Galilei dies in Arcetri, Italy.
1679 - French explorer la Salle reaches Niagara Falls.
1815 - US forces led by General Andres Jackson defeat the British in the Battle of New Orleans.
1912 - The Africa National Congress is founded in Bloemfontein.
1918 - US President Woodrow Wilson outlines his 14 points for peace after World War I.
1926 - Ibn Saud becomes king of Hejaz on King Hussein's expulsion and changes the name of the kingdom to Saudi Arabia.
1959 - Charles de Gaulle assumes the presidency in France, inaugurating the Fifth Republic.
1973 - Secret peace talks between the United States and North Vietnam resume near Paris.
1987 - The Dow Jones industrial average closes above 2000 for the first time, ending the day at 2002.25.
1989 - Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev says the Kremlin is besieged by financial problems that are sapping his reforms.
1991 - Four Belgians held captive for three years by a Palestinian group in Lebanon are released.
1992 - US President George Bush collapses at a state dinner in Tokyo. The White House says he is suffering from stomach flu.
1993 - The deputy prime minister of Bosnia is shot dead by Serbian gunmen while Serbian rebel leaders consider an international peace settlement.
1998 - Ramzi Yousef, an Arab of uncertain nationality, is sentenced to life in prison plus 240 years for masterminding the World Trade Center Bombing in New York that killed six people in 1993.
1999 - Thousands of anti-government rioters rampage through the town of Karawang, Indonesia. Officers fire plastic bullets, killing at least one person.
2007 - Iwao Takamoto, the US animator who designed the cartoon canine Scooby-Doo, dies, aged 81.
2008 - Nicole Kidman confirms she is pregnant with her first baby to country singer husband Keith Urban. Sunday Rose is born in the US on July 7.
2009 - Melbourne brothers Ashish and Akshay Miranda are killed in an ice collapse at New Zealand's Fox Glacier after climbing over security barriers to take photos.
2011 - Australian-born Crown Princess Mary of Denmark gives birth to twins, Prince Vincent Frederik Minik Alexander and Princess Josephine Sophia Ivalo Mathilda, at a Copenhagen hospital.
2011 - US Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords is shot in the head when an assailant opens fire outside a grocery store in Tucson, Arizona.
2015 - In the aftermath of the deadly January 7 attack on the office of French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, the "Je Suis Charlie" hashtag takes off on Twitter.
2017 - Health Minister Sussan Ley apologises for what she calls an "error of judgment" for purchasing an investment property on the Gold Coast while on a taxpayer-funded trip.
John Curtin, Australia's World War II prime minister (1885-1945); William Hartnell, first actor to play Doctor Who (1908-1975); Elvis Presley (1935-1977); Shirley Bassey, Welsh-born singer (1937-); Stephen Hawking, English physicist and author (1942); Robby Krieger, The Doors guitarist and songwriter (1946-); David Bowie, British singer-actor (1947-2016); Archie Roach, Australian singer-songwriter (1956-); Paul Hester, Australian musician (1959-2005); Michelle Forbes, US actress (1965-); Kim Jong-un, supreme leader of North Korea (1983-).
Thought For Today:
Curses are like processions. They return to the place from which they came - Giovanni Ruffini, Italian writer (1807-1881)