Highlights in history on this date:
1606 - Sir Everard Digby, Thomas Winter, John Grant and Thomas Bates, conspirators in the Gunpowder Plot to blow up the British Houses of Parliament, are executed.
1649 - Britain's King Charles I is beheaded.
1854 - First Cobb & Co coach leaves Melbourne for Bendigo, Victoria.
1933 - The murderous dictator Adolf Hitler is named German chancellor.
1966 - Prince Charles arrives in Australia to attend Geelong Grammar School.
1972 - Thirteen civil rights marchers are shot dead by British soldiers in Northern Ireland on what becomes known as "Bloody Sunday".
1973 - In the US, Gordon Liddy and James McCord are convicted of burglary, wire-tapping and attempted bugging of the Democratic headquarters at the Watergate building.
1984 - The NSW town of Tamworth is struck by its worst flood since 1955.
1995 - John Howard is unanimously elected Australian Liberal Party leader.
2000 - In Berlin, hundreds of neo-Nazis demonstrate at the site of Germany's planned memorial to Holocaust victims.
2002 - The Roman Catholic Church in Ireland agrees to pay $US10 million to children sexually abused by clergy over recent decades.
2004 - UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan announces that UN staffers can receive benefits for their gay or lesbian partners if their country recognises same-sex marriages or domestic partnerships.
2005 - Iraqis in 14 countries stream into polling stations for their last chance to cast absentee ballots in Iraq's first independent election in five decades.
2007 - The United Nations' first women-only peacekeeping contingent - made up of about 100 Indian policewomen - arrives in Liberia to join the UN's 15,000-strong peacekeeping force in the West African country.
2008 - The Australian government says it will issue its first formal apology to the indigenous Stolen Generations on February 13.
2011 - Hundreds of South Africans fill a church in Soweto to pray for former president Nelson Mandela, after his release earlier in the week from a hospital where he was treated for an acute respiratory-tract infection.
2012 - Two people are killed when paramilitary police in northern Senegal open fire on men and women protesting President Abdoulaye Wade's plan to run for a third term.
2013 - Australian prime minister Julia Gillard announces the federal election will be held on September 14.
2014 - An appeals court in Florence upholds the guilty verdict against US student Amanda Knox and her ex-boyfriend for the 2007 murder of her British roommate, raising the spectre of a long legal battle over her extradition if the conviction is upheld.
2016 - Almost 40 people are killed and 75 are rescued after a boat carrying migrants sinks between Turkey and Greece.
2017 - Susan Kiefel becomes Australia's first female chief justice of the High Court after being sworn in at a ceremony in Canberra.
Franklin D Roosevelt, US president (1882-1945); Gene Hackman, US actor (1930-); Vanessa Redgrave, English actress (1937-); Dick Cheney, former US vice-president (1941-); Phil Collins, English pop singer (1951-); Christian Bale, British-born actor (1974-), Ella Hooper, Australian singer, songwriter and TV presenter (1983-); Lance "Buddy" Franklin, AFL player, (1987-).
Thought For Today:
It is the tragedy of the world that no one knows what he doesn't know - and the less a man knows, the more sure he is that he knows everything. - Joyce Cary, Irish author (1888-1957).