Highlights in history on this date:
1788 - After the First Fleet's landing at Port Jackson, Captain Arthur Phillip takes formal possession of the Colony of New South Wales and becomes its first governor.
1808 - The Rum Rebellion takes place in Sydney. Governor Wlliam Bligh is deposed and put under house arrest after trying to break NSW Corps' rum monopoly in the colony.
1841 - The British flag is raised on Hong Kong island, six days after China agrees to cede it to Britain.
1865 - Britain announces no more convicts will be shipped to Australia.
1924 - Victoria's first radio station, 3AR in Melbourne, begins broadcasting.
1925 - A year later 2UE, Australia's oldest commercial radio station, begins broadcasting.
1926 - Scottish inventor John Logie Baird displays his first television images, demonstrated on his television apparatus in Soho, London.
1939 - In the Spanish Civil War, Franco and his forces capture Barcelona.
1950 - India is formally proclaimed a republic within the Commonwealth.
1965 - The military seizes power in South Vietnam, ousting the civilian government of Tran Van Huong; Hindi becomes the official language of India, leading to riots in the south.
1966 - Dame Annabelle Rankin becomes the first woman to hold a federal portfolio in the Australian Government.
1976 - ABC starts FM radio service with stations in Adelaide, Sydney, Melbourne and Canberra.
1988 - Australians celebrate the 200th anniversary of European settlement with a grand parade of tall ships in Sydney Harbour.
1995 - Alexander Downer resigns after eight months as leader of Australia's Liberal Party.
1998 - US President Bill Clinton denies having an affair with a White House intern, telling reporters, "I did not have sexual relations with that woman, Miss Lewinsky."
2004 - A few days after resigning, US chief weapons inspector David Kay calls upon US intelligence agencies to explain why their research indicated Iraq possessed banned weapons before the American-led invasion.
2006 - Islamic militant group Hamas wins 74 seats in the 132-member Palestinian parliament, defeating President Mahmoud Abbas's long-dominant Fatah.
2007 - UN officials announce that Iran plans to start assembling thousands of uranium-enriching centrifuges in the next month.
2012 - The prime minister and opposition leader are rushed from a Canberra restaurant by Julia Gillard's security after Aboriginal tent embassy protesters surround it and bang on the glass windows.
2013 - French and Malian troops regain control of the airport and bridge of the crucial northern city of Gao, marking their biggest advance yet in their bid to oust al-Qaeda-linked extremists who have controlled northern Mali for months.
2015 - Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott announces his decision to bestow a knighthood on Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh.
2016 - Australian band the Rubens tops the annual Triple J Hottest 100 with its song Hoops.
2017 - Australian pilot Peter Lynch and his partner Endah Cakrawati die when their plane crashes into Perth's Swan River, shocking onlookers who had gathered to watch the Skyshow on Australia Day.
Paul Newman, US actor (1925-2008); New Zealand cartoonist Murray Ball (1939-2017); Lucinda Williams, US singer (1953-); Kim Hughes, Australian cricketer (1954-); Eddie Van Halen, Dutch-born guitarist (1955-); Ellen DeGeneres, US actress (1958-); Li Cunxin, Chinese-Australian dancer (1961-); Catherine Martin, Australian costume and production designer (1965-).
Thought For Today:
What we really are matters more than what other people think of us. - Jawaharlal Nehru, Indian statesman (1889-1964)