Highlights in history on this date:
1540 - Holy Roman Emperor Charles V enters Ghent and executes leaders of revolt.
1663 - Canada becomes royal province of France.
1779 - British explorer James Cook and four marines from his ship, the Resolution, are killed in Hawaii after disputes with locals.
1796 - The Dutch surrender Ceylon - now Sri Lanka - to the British; freedom of worship is established in France.
1893 - Hawaii is annexed by treaty to United States.
1922 - Italian scientist Guglielmo Marconi begins the first regular radio broadcasting transmission from England.
1929 - Seven hoodlums, rivals of Al Capone's gang in Chicago, are murdered in the St Valentine's Day Massacre.
1943 - Soviet forces recapture Rostov from Germans in World War II.
1946 - A machine at the University of Pennsylvania takes seconds to do calculations that normally take hours. It was called ENIAC, or Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer.
1966 - Dollars and cents replace pounds, shillings and pence as Australia launches its decimal currency.
1972 - US trade restrictions against China are relaxed, putting China on same basis as the Soviet Union.
1988 - Three officers of Yasser Arafat's mainline group in the Palestine Liberation Organisation are killed in Cyprus when their booby-trapped car explodes.
1988 - Death of Austrian-US composer Frederick "Fritz" Loewe, who co-wrote musicals including My Fair Lady, Gigi and Brigadoon.
1989 - Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini of Iran sentences British author Salman Rushdie to death for allegedly insulting Islam, sending him into hiding for years.
1991 - Several Latin American countries halt food imports from Peru, seeking to contain a cholera epidemic that kills 3000.
1998 - Milan Simic and Miroslav Tadic become the first Bosnian Serb suspects to turn themselves in voluntarily to the UN war crimes tribunal.
2002 - Researchers at the US Texas A&M University in College Station successfully clone a cat, the sixth species to be cloned.
2003 - The world's first cloned mammal, six-year-old Dolly the sheep, is given a lethal injection after developing signs of progressive lung disease.
2005 - Former Lebanese prime minister Rafiq Hariri and 13 other people are killed by a huge bomb as his motorcade drives through Beirut.
2006 - The oldest son of Israeli prime minister Ariel Sharon is sentenced to nine months in prison for illegal fund-raising during his father's 1999 primary campaign.
2013 - Oscar Pistorius, the double-amputee Olympic sprinter dubbed the Blade Runner, is charged with the killing of his girlfriend at his South African home.
2015 - Australia-wide recall is announced of Nanna frozen mixed berries, linked to a Hepatitis A outbreak.
2016 - Almost five years after an earthquake devastated the New Zealand city of Christchurch, the region is shaken by a magnitude 5.7 earthquake that causes sand cliffs to collapse.
2017 - The body of an elderly German tourist is found in the Northern Territory's remote outback, a day after police located her husband's body.
Jack Benny, US comedian (1894-1975); Jimmy Hoffa, US union leader (1913-1975); Florence Henderson, US actor-singer (1934-2016); Carl Bernstein, US (Watergate) journalist (1944-); Gregory Hines, US actor-dancer (1946-2003); Teller, US magician and illusionist (1948-); Suze DeMarchi, Australian musician (1964-); Simon Pegg, English actor and comedian (1970-); Cadel Evans, Australian cyclist (1977-).
Thought For Today:
We are effectively destroying ourselves by violence masquerading as love - RD Laing, Scottish psychiatrist (1927-1989).