HIGHLIGHTS IN HISTORY ON THIS DATE
1633 - Bananas go on sale in England for the first time.
1741 - Prussia's Frederick II defeats Austrian forces at Mollwitz and conquers Silesia.
1814 - Napoleon's army is defeated by the British and Spanish at the Battle of Toulouse, leading to his abdication and exile to Elba the next day.
1834 - Death at Camden, NSW, of Australian wool pioneer John Macarthur.
1837 - Governor Sir Richard Bourke proclaims the site of Melbourne.
1849 - American Walter Hunt patents the safety pin. Unable to see its possibilities, he later sells all rights for a few hundred dollars.
1912 - RMS Titanic sails from the English port of Southampton on its ill-fated maiden voyage.
1919 - Revolutionary leader Emiliano Zapata is killed in an army ambush in Chinameca, Mexico.
1925 - The Great Gatsby, by F Scott Fitzgerald, is first published.
1941 - Siege of Tobruk begins in World War II.
1944 - British midget submarine secretly enters Bergen harbour in Norway and sinks German merchant ship Barenfels.
1959 - Crown Prince Akihito of Japan marries a commoner, Michiko Shoda.
1961 - Former Nazi Adolf Eichmann is put on trial as a war criminal in an Israeli court in Jerusalem.
1968 - The Wahine ferry sinks in severe weather in Wellington harbour killing 51 people.
1972 - More than 50 countries sign a treaty outlawing the stockpiling of biological weapons.
1974 - Golda Meir resigns as prime minister of Israel over differences within her Labour Party.
1989 - British and Australian forces arrive in northern Namibia to monitor planned withdrawal of black nationalist guerrillas.
1994 - Paul Keating arrives in Hanoi for the first visit by an Australian prime minister since the Vietnam War.
1995 - Top United Nations weapons inspector reports that Baghdad seems to be developing biological weapons.
2001 - Rap star Eminem is placed on two years' probation for carrying a concealed weapon outside a Michigan nightclub.
2003 - British Airways and Air France announce they will mothball their Concorde fleets at the end of October, ending 27 years of supersonic commercial air travel.
2009 - A US immigration appeals board rules that retired carworker Joseph Demjanjuk can be deported to Germany to face charges he served as a Nazi death camp guard during World War II.
2010 - An ageing Russian airliner carrying Polish President Lech Kaczynski and members of his country's military, political and church elites crashes in thick fog, killinmg all 96 people on board.
2014 - Australia's former foreign minister Bob Carr releases his diaries, in which he likens business-class air travel to slavery.
2015 - Richie Benaud, Australian cricket captain who went on to become the game's most famous broadcaster, dies in Sydney, aged 84.
2017 - Former AWB chairman Trevor Flugge is banned from company management for five years and fined $50,000 for failing to uncover the truth about the wheat exporter's secret kickbacks to Iraq.
William Hazlitt, English essayist (1778-1830); Lewis Wallace, US novelist (Ben Hur), soldier and diplomat (1827-1905); William Booth, English founder of Salvation Army (1829-1912); Joseph Pulitzer, US journalist (1847-1911);Max von Sydow, Swedish actor (1929-); Omar Sharif, Egyptian actor (1932-2015); Bunny Wailer, Jamaican musician (1947-); Sophie Ellis-Bextor, British singer (1979-); Mandy Moore, US singer-actor (1984-);Daisy Ridley, British actor (1992-); Thanasi Kokkinakis; Australian tennis player (1996-).
THOUGHT FOR TODAY
Take from me the hope that I can change the future, and you will send me mad. - Israel Zangwill, English dramatist (1864-1926).