HIGHLIGHTS IN HISTORY ON THIS DATE
138 - The Roman Emperor Hadrian dies.
1040 - It is thought that Lady Godiva rides naked on horseback through Coventry, England.
1559 - Mary, Queen of Scots, claims title of Queen of England in opposition to Elizabeth I.
1584 - Francis Throgmorton, under arrest for plotting a Spanish invasion of England, is executed for treason.
1858 - Four die in Australia's first rail crash, at Lidcombe, NSW.
1900 - The Paris subway, the Metro, opens.
1940 - The 114-day Battle of Britain starts as Nazi forces begin attacking southern England by air.
1943 - Allied forces land in Sicily in WWII.
1951 - Armistice talks aimed at ending the Korean conflict begin at Kaesong.
1962 - Telstar satellite is launched from Cape Canaveral, bringing live television from the US to Europe for the first time.
1965 - British rock group The Rolling Stones score their first number-one hit in the US - Satisfaction.
1973 - The Bahamas gains independence after three centuries of British rule.
1975 - US actor/singer Cher files for divorce from singer Greg Allman, 10 days after they were married, on the grounds he is seeing an old girlfriend.
1985 - One crew member dies when French saboteurs bomb the Greenpeace ship Rainbow Warrior in Auckland.
1990 - Mikhail Gorbachev is re-elected leader of the Soviet Communist Party.
1991 - Boris Yeltsin takes an oath of office as first elected president of Russia.
1992 - Former Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega is sentenced to 40 years in jail in the United States for allowing his country to be used for drug smuggling.
1995 - Burmese opposition leader and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi is freed from house arrest in Rangoon, days before completing her six-year detention.
1997 - Scientists in London say DNA from a Neanderthal skeleton supports a theory that all humanity descended from an "African Eve" 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.
1998 - A UN conference produces a draft treaty on a world criminal court that would grant the prosecutor sweeping authority, a measure vigorously opposed by the United States.
1999 - Six African governments sign a ceasefire accord aimed at ending the war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
2000 - A mountain of garbage loosened by rain collapses and bursts into flames at Manila's biggest dump, flattening squatters' shanties and killing at least 216 people.
2002 - A long-lost painting by Flemish Old Master Peter Paul Rubens - The Massacre of the Innocents - is sold at auction in London for STG49.5 million ($A121.64 million).
2006 - Chechen rebel leader Shamil Basayev, responsible for terror attacks that led to the deaths of more than 800 people, is killed when a dynamite-laden truck in his convoy explodes.
2011 - Rupert Murdoch swoops into Britain amid the growing phone-hacking scandal that prompted the closure of his News of the World tabloid and threatens to derail a $19 billion broadcasting deal.
2012 - Decades after the US gave Laos the horrific distinction of being the world's most heavily bombed country per person, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton pledges to help get rid of millions of unexploded bombs that still pockmark the impoverished country.
2013 - Canadian officials tell distraught families 30 people still missing after the fiery crash of a runaway oil train in eastern Quebec are all presumed dead, bringing the death toll in the derailment and explosion to 50.
2014 - Germany demands that Washington's top spy in Berlin leaves the country as a new round of allegations of US espionage worsen the friction between the two allies.
2016 - Labor leader Bill Shorten concedes defeat in the federal election, congratulating Malcolm Turnbull on retaining the country's leadership.
2017 - A video uploaded to YouTube allegedly shows an inmate in the privately operated Parklea prison in Sydney wielding a knife and boasting about his stash of drugs.
Jean Calvin, French religious reformer (1509-1564); Camille Pissarro, French painter (1830-1903); James Whistler, English artist (1834-1903); Marcel Proust, French writer (1871-1922); Toyohiko Kagawa, Japanese writer (1888-1960); Giorgio de Chirico, Italian painter (1888-1978); Jake LaMotta, US boxer (1921-2017); Jerry Herman, US musical theatre composer (1931- ); Fred Cress, British/Australian artist (1938-2009); Paul Andreu, French architect (1938-); Keith Stackpole, Australian cricketer (1940-); Arthur Ashe, US tennis player (1943-1993); Virginia Wade, English tennis player (1945-); Sue Lyon, US actress of Lolita fame (1946-); Arlo Guthrie, US folk singer (1947-); Neil Tennant, English singer (1954-); Adam Hills, Australian comedian (1970-); Brendon Lade, Australian rules footballer (1976-); Schapelle Corby, Australian convicted drug smuggler (1977-); Jessica Simpson, US singer (1980-).
Thought For Today:
There are only two distinct classes of people on this earth: those who espouse enthusiasm and those who despise it - Germaine de Stael, French author (1766-1817).