HIGHLIGHTS IN HISTORY ON THIS DATE
1191 - In the Third Crusade, Richard the Lionheart takes the city of Acre.
1543 - Henry VIII of England marries his sixth and final wife, Catherine Parr, widow of Lord Latimer, at Hampton Court Palace.
1690 - Protestant forces led by William of Orange defeat the Roman Catholic army of James II at the Battle of the Boyne in Ireland.
1869 - Parliamentary system is adopted by Napoleon III of France.
1910 - Charles Stewart Rolls, aviator and co-founder of Rolls-Royce, becomes Britain's first aviation fatality when he crashes his Wright biplane near Bournemouth.
1920 - The Panama Canal is formally opened six years after the first ship sailed through it.
1930 - Australia's Don Bradman sets a Test record with an innings of 334 against England at Leeds.
1941 - British-Soviet mutual aid pact of World War II is signed.
1957 - Prince Karim, a 20-year-old student at Harvard University, becomes Aga Khan and leader of 20 million Ismaili Muslims following the death of his grandfather.
1960 - France agrees to the independence of Dahomey, Niger, Upper Volta, Ivory Coast, Chad, Central Africa and the Congo.
1962 - British rock group the Rolling Stones make their first appearance, at the Marquee club in London.
1977 - US President Jimmy Carter defends Supreme Court decisions limiting government payments for poor women's abortions, saying, "There are many things in life that are not fair".
1987 - Lebanon's Justice Minister Nabih Berri calls for declaration of "economic state of emergency" to cope with nation's worst financial crisis in 12 years of civil war.
1989 - A farmer in eastern France goes on a shooting rampage, killing 14 people before being captured.
1990 - Boris Yeltsin resigns from the Communist Party.
1991 - The five permanent members of UN Security Council tell Iraq's ambassador his country must swiftly disclose extent of its nuclear program or face serious consequences.
1993 - An earthquake in northern Japan unleashes landslides and tidal waves, killing 196 people.
1996 - Britain's Prince Charles and Princess Diana agree the terms of their divorce, ending a 15-year marriage.
1997 - The Cuban government confirms remains found in a remote Bolivian village are those of legendary guerrilla Ernesto "Che" Guevara.
2001 - Haitian immigrant Abner Louima, tortured in a New York City police station, agrees to a $US8.7 million ($A15.5 million) settlement.
2002 - A court in the powerful province of Ontario makes Canadian history by ruling the provincial government must register gay and lesbian marriages.
2005 - Prince Albert II of Monaco accedes to the throne of a 700-year-old dynasty.
2006 - Lebanese Hezbollah guerillas capture two Israeli soldiers and kill eight more in cross-border attacks, sparking off a month-long war with Israel.
2008 - North Korea agrees to disable its main reactor by the end of October and allow international inspections to verify its nuclear disarmament.
2010 - The International Criminal Court charges Sudan's president Omar-al-Bashir with three genocide counts.
2012 - The White House asks Iraq to hand over a Hezbollah commander accused of masterminding a 2007 attack that killed five American soldiers, despite two Iraqi courts declaring him not guilty.
2016 - Two regional Italian passenger trains collide in the country's south, killing 23 people, including both drivers, and injuring another 54.
2017 - US President Donald Trump insists he was unaware of his son Donald Trump Jr's meeting with a Russian lawyer at the heart of a White House controversy.
Gaius Julius Caesar, Roman dictator (100 BC-44 BC); Elijah Wedgewood, British pottery maker (1730-1795); Henry David Thoreau, US author-naturalist (1817-1862); George Eastman, US inventor (1854-1932); Amedeo Modigliani, Italian artist (1884-1920); Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet and Nobel laureate (1904-1973); Ernest Edward "Weary" Dunlop, Australian surgeon famous for his leadership of POWs in World War II (1907-1993); Milton Berle, US comedian (1908-2002); Al Grassby, Australian politician (1926-2005); Bill Cosby, US actor-comedian (1937-); Phillip Adams, Australian writer (1939-); Christian Vieri, Italian soccer player (1973-); 360 (Matt Colwell), Australian hip-hop star (1986-); Phoebe Tonkin, Australian actress and model (1989-); Malala Yousafzai, Pakistani activist, Nobel Prize laureate (1991-).
Thought For Today:
No man is happy without a delusion of some kind. Delusions are as necessary to our happiness as realities - Christian Nestell Bovee, American author (1820-1904).