HIGHLIGHTS IN HISTORY ON THIS DATE:
1787 - Turkey declares war on Russia, fearing designs on Georgia.
1792 - King Louis XVI of France is arrested after a mob storms the Tuileries in Paris and massacres the Swiss Guard.
1842 - Lord Ashley's Mine Act prevents women and children under 10 from working underground in Britain.
1866 - Bolivia and Chile sign treaty under which territory between Andes and Pacific Ocean is ceded to Chile.
1885 - First commercially operated electrical tram begins operation in Baltimore.
1895 - First Promenade concert under conductor Henry Wood takes place at Queen's Hall in London.
1904 - Japan's Navy cripples Russian fleet off Port Arthur.
1913 - Treaty ending Balkan War is signed in Bucharest.
1914 - France declares war on Austria-Hungary at start of World War I.
1919 - Anglo-White Russian forces defeat Soviet forces in North Dvina.
1920 - Princes Highway between Melbourne and Sydney is officially opened at Warragul.
1944 - After three weeks of fighting, US forces overrun Pati Point and recapture Guam from the Japanese in World War II.
1945 - Japan offers to surrender in World War II if Emperor Hirohito is permitted to keep his throne.
1964 - Pope Paul VI issues his first encyclical, Ecclesiam Suam, stating his willingness to mediate in international disputes.
1966 - Orbiter 1 is launched from Cape Kennedy and becomes the first spacecraft to transmit Lunar photographs of possible landing sites.
1969 - Leno and Rosemary LaBianca are murdered in their Los Angeles home by members of Charles Manson's cult, the day after actress Sharon Tate and four other people were slain.
1995 - Two of Saddam Hussein's daughters, their husbands and a group of army officers flee to Jordan; King Hussein grants them political asylum.
1996 - Former army mates Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols are indicted for the Oklahoma City bombing on April 19 that killed 168 people.
1997 - Photos of Princess Diana embracing Harrods heir Dodi Fayed are published in the London Sunday Mirror, raising speculation about her future.
1998 - More than 2000 people die in flooding in China.
1999 - Islamist guerillas declare Russia's Dagestan province an independent state and call for a holy war of liberation.
2000 - Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez holds talks with Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, defying the United States by being the first head of state to go to Iraq since the 1991 Gulf War.
2001 - Up to 252 people are killed when a passenger train is attacked by UNITA rebels south of Luanda, one of the bloodiest incidents in Angola's long-running civil war.
2002 - Turkey's economy minister Kemal Dervis resigns from the government of ailing Premier Bulent Ecevit ahead of early November elections.
2004 - Libya agrees to pay $US35 million ($A37.87 million) compensation to more than 160 non-US victims of the 1986 bombing of a West Berlin nightclub.
2005 - Police in Brazil examine fingerprints and other evidence left behind by thieves who stole $US67.8 million ($A88.6 million) from the Central Bank in one of the world's biggest heists.
2010 - Scottish politicians demand that their government publish full details of the medical advice that led to the release from prison of the Lockerbie bomber almost a year ago.
2013 - Egyptain security forces closely watch dozens of jihadis hold a mass funeral procession for four slain terrorists killed in an Israeli drone strike.
2014 - Nearly 2000 lives are lost in clashes between Israel and the Hamas terrorist group before the two accept an Egyptian cease-fire proposal.
2015 - Tasmanian independent senator Jacqui Lambie tells parliament that her 21-year-old son is an ice addict.
2016 - At least 12 premature babies are killed in Iraq, when a fire sparked by an electricity fault tears through the maternity ward of one of Baghdad's largest hospitals.
2017 - The government's fiercely contested Pay Equity Bill has passed its first reading in parliament amid strident protest from opposition MPs; North Korea has dismissed warnings by US President Donald Trump that it would face "fire and fury" if it threatened the United States as a "load of nonsense" and outlined detailed plans for a missile strike near the US Pacific territory of Guam.
Alexander Glazounov, Russian composer (1865-1936); Herbert Hoover, US president (1874-1964); Norma Shearer, US actress (1904-1983); Rhonda Fleming, US actress (1923-); Eddie Fisher, US singer (1928-2010); Bobby Hatfield, US singer (1940-2003); Ian Anderson (Jethro Tull), Scottish pop singer-musician (1947-); Anwar Ibrahim, Malaysian politician (1947-); Rosanna Arquette, US actress (1959-); Antonio Banderas, Spanish actor (1960-); Jon Farriss, rock musician with INXS (1961-); Michael Bivins, US singer-producer (1968-); Angie Harmon, US actress (1972-); Devon Aoki, Japanese-American actress (1982-); Brenton Thwaites, Australian actor (1989-); Kylie Jenner, American model (1997-).
Thought For Today:
Literature is news that STAYS news - Ezra Pound, American poet-critic (1885-1972).