HIGHLIGHTS IN HISTORY ON THIS DATE:
1824 - NSW is constituted a Crown colony.
1863 - French protectorate over Cambodia is established.
1929 - Arabs launch attacks on Jews in Palestine over disputes on Jewish use of Wailing Wall in Jerusalem.
1935 - Nazi storm troopers stage mass demonstrations against Jews in Germany.
1945 - Allies inform Japan that its surrender offer is acceptable as World War II in Pacific nears end.
1949 - Australian Immigration Minister Arthur Calwell announces that migrants will be known as New Australians.
1952 - Prince Hussein is proclaimed King Hussein of Jordan on termination of King Talal's reign.
1954 - Formal peace announcement in Indochina ends more than seven years of fighting with French; US vetoes proposed admission of North and South Vietnam to United Nations.
1956 - US painter Jackson Pollock, leader of the Abstract Expressionist movement, dies in a car accident.
1960 - Chad gains independence from France.
1965 - Rioting and looting break out in the predominantly black Watts section of Los Angeles; in the week that followed 34 people were killed and more than 1000 injured.
1966 - Treaty to end three years of hostilities between Malaysia and Indonesia is signed in Jakarta.
1994 - Russian Supreme Court acquits General Valentin Varennikov of high treason for joining those trying to overthrow Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in August 1991.
1994 - In Sarajevo, Bosnian Serb snipers force the suspension of a vital UN airlift and kill a young girl.
1995 - In El Salvador, authorities call off a search for victims of a Guatemalan jetliner crash after recovering the remains of 53 of the 65 people killed.
1997 - Thailand receives pledges of aid from the IMF and neighbour states of $US16 billion ($A17.31 billion) to rescue its ailing economy.
1998 - British Petroleum announces it has agreed to merge with Amoco Corp of the United States in a $US110 billion ($A119.02 billion) deal billed as the largest industrial merger.
2000 - A Hungarian prisoner deposited in a Russian psychiatric hospital after World War II and forgotten for five decades returns to Hungary - a homeland he hasn't seen since the 1940s.
2002 - At least 90 people including children and women are hacked to death during clashes between local militias, a rebel group and the Ugandan army.
2003 - Liberian President Charles Taylor resigns and leaves the country for exile in Nigeria. Taylor's departure was seen as a major step in bringing peace to the nation, which had been plagued by civil war for 14 years.
2005 - Britain detains and plans to deport 10 foreigners suspected of posing a threat to national security, including Abu Qatada, a Palestinian cleric described as Osama bin Laden's "spiritual ambassador in Europe", a British official says.
2006 - Typhoon Saomai kills more than 319 people when it tears through a manufacturing area of China.
2007 - Sierra Leone holds its first presidential elections since UN peacekeepers withdrew two years ago.
2009 - Myanmar's generals again succeed in isolating democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, but her fleeting emergence during a gruelling trial on charges of violating her house arrest show that her steely resolve and charisma remain intact.
2010 - Researchers say two ancient animal bones from Ethiopia show signs of butchering by human ancestors, moving back the earliest evidence for the use of stone tools by about 800,000 years.
2012 - Earthquakes kill at least 180 people in northwestern Iran.
2013 - Israel approves building nearly 1200 more settlement homes and agrees to release 26 long-held Palestinian security prisoners - highlighting an apparent settlement-for-prisoners trade-off that got both sides back to peace talks after a five-year freeze.
2015 - A heatwave in Egypt kills 42 people.
2016 - Federal Treasurer Scott Morrison blocks the sale of the NSW-government-owned electricity distributor Ausgrid to Chinese developers, citing national security issues.
2017 - A homeless camp in Sydney's Martin Place, which triggered a political stand-off between two tiers of government, voluntary dissembles.
Enid Blyton, British author (1897-1968); Flo Bjelke-Petersen, Australian politician (1920-); Alex Haley, US author (1921-1992); Arlene Dahl, US actress (1925-); Jerry Falwell, US televangelist (1933-2007); Anna Massey, US actress (1937-2011); Pervez Musharraf, former president of Pakistan (1943-); Ian Charleson, British actor (1949-1990); Steve Wozniak, inventor of the Apple II computer (1950-); Hulk Hogan, US actor-wrestler (1953-); Joe Jackson, British musician (1954-); Charlie Sexton, US rock guitarist (1968-); Chris Hemsworth, Australian actor (1983-); Patty Mills, Australian basketballer (1988-).
Thought For Today:
It is easier to make a saint out of a libertine than out of a prig - George Santayana, Spanish-born philosopher (1863-1952).