HIGHLIGHTS IN HISTORY ON THIS DATE:
1829 - The City of Perth is officially proclaimed.
1851 - Isaac Singer is granted a patent on his sewing machine.
1877 - British explorer Sir Henry Morton Stanley reaches the mouth of the Congo River in Africa.
1898 - Hawaiian Islands in Pacific are transferred to United States.
1914 - Britain declares war on Austria-Hungary.
1922 - Death of Arthur Griffith, a founder of Sinn Fein and first president of the Irish Republic.
1938 - Germany begins mobilisation of its armed forces.
1944 - First PLUTO (Pipe Line Under the Ocean) supplying petrol across the English Channel to the Allied forces in France, goes into operation from the Isle of Wight.
1953 - The Soviet Union detonates its first hydrogen bomb.
1955 - Death of German novelist Thomas Mann.
1964 - Death of Ian Fleming, English author and creator of James Bond.
1970 - West Germany and Soviet Union sign non-aggression pact in Moscow.
1971 - Syria severs diplomatic relations with Jordan as border fighting breaks out.
1972 - Last US ground combat unit in South Vietnam is deactivated.
1978 - China and Japan sign an historic treaty of peace and friendship; Pope Paul VI, who died on August 6 at age 80, is buried in St Peter's Basilica.
1982 - Death of US actor Henry Fonda, aged 77.
1983 - Argentina releases British assets seized during the Falklands war of 1982.
1985 - The world's worst single aircraft disaster to date kills 520 people when a Japan Air Lines Boeing 747 on a domestic flight crashes into a mountain.
1987 - Britain and France order minesweepers to the Gulf region.
1988 - Sein Lwin resigns as president of Burma and all other major posts following three days of violent anti-government protests.
1992 - United States, Canada and Mexico reach a free-trade agreement.
1994 - United States and North Korea agree to ease nuclear tensions.
1997 - Leaders of Ulster Unionists and Sinn Fein, political arm of the IRA, hold their first debate on Northern Ireland television.
1998 - Swiss banks agree to pay $US1.25 billion ($A1.35 billion) to Holocaust survivors as restitution for lost assets.
1999 - Eichmann, a Nazi who oversaw the deportation and murder of millions of Jews, was tried in Israel, found guilty of crimes against humanity and hanged in 1962.
2000 - All 118 crewmen are killed onboard a Russian nuclear submarine as it sinks following two explosions in its weapons bay in the Bering Sea.
2001 - More than 11,000 residents on the Japanese island of Okinawa are evacuated as experts safely defuse a US-made 36kg bomb apparently dropped by a US aircraft during World War II.
2010 - WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange says his organisation is preparing to release the rest of the secret Afghan war documents it has on file.
2012 - Egypt's Islamist president orders the retirement of the defence minister and chief of staff and makes a bold move to seize back powers that the military stripped from his office right before he took over.
2013 - Australian Opposition Leader Tony Abbott suffers an unfortunate linguistic mix-up at a federal election campaign event in Melbourne, declaring: "No one, however smart, however well educated, however experienced, is the suppository of all wisdom."
2014 - Seductive silver-screen actress Lauren Bacall, known for creating on-screen magic with Humphrey Bogart in To Have and Have Not and The Big Sleep, dies in Manhattan, New York, at the age of 89.
2015 - Australian tennis player Nick Kyrgios is fined $US10,000 for his on-court crude comment to opponent Stan Wawrinka during the Montreal Masters.
2016 - Two men are charged after allegedly funnelling millions of dollars of government money used to run their Sydney-based child care centres to terrorist organisations in the Middle East.
2017 - One person is killed and 26 others are sent to hospital after a car ploughs through a crowd of people peacefully protesting a white nationalist rally in a Virginia college town.
King George IV (1762-1830); Robert Southey, English author (1774-1843); Cecil B DeMille, US film producer-director (1881-1959); Sir Keith Murdoch, journalist and newspaper owner (1885-1952); Erwin Schroedinger, Austrian physicist (1887-1961); Harry Hopman, Australian tennis coach (1906-1985); Charles Blackman, Australian artist (1928-); George Hamilton, US actor (1939-); Mark Knopfler, British musician with Dire Straits (1949-); Pete Sampras, US tennis champion (1971-); Karl Stefanovic, Australian TV presenter (1974-); Casey Affleck, US actor (1975-); Dominique Swain, US actress (1980-); Cara Delevingne, British fashion model and actress (1992-).
Thought For Today:
Regrets are as personal as fingerprints - Margaret Culkin Banning, American writer (1891-1982).