Highlights in history on this date:
1321 - Dante Alighieri, Italy's greatest poet, dies.
1752 - Britain adopts Gregorian calendar.
1801 - John Macarthur wounds NSW Corps officer Colonel William Paterson in a duel.
1812 - Napoleon Bonaparte enters Moscow and Russians set fires throughout the city.
1814 - Francis Scott Key writes America's national anthem, The Star-Spangled Banner.
1824 - A penal settlement was established at Redcliffe on Moreton Bay.
1927 - Modern dance pioneer Isadora Duncan dies in Nice, France, when her scarf becomes entangled in a wheel of her sports car.
1948 - A ground-breaking ceremony takes place in New York City at the site of the United Nations' world headquarters.
1960 - Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is founded.
1972 - US Senate approves US-Soviet agreement to freeze major part of their offensive nuclear arsenals for five years.
1982 - Lebanon's president-elect, Bashir Gemayel, is killed by a bomb that shatters his party headquarters in east Beirut.
1990 - The first ever gene therapy is carried out by W French Anderson at Bethesda, Maryland, on a four-year-old girl who had inherited a genetic deficiency.
1992 - The UN Security Council authorises the dispatch of thousands more peacekeepers to Bosnia with expanded powers.
1994 - Tropical storms in north-central Africa kill about 100 people.
1996 - Bosnia holds its first post-war elections.
1997 - German and US military planes collide off the coast of Namibia, killing 33 people.
1998 - Northern Ireland's new power-sharing parliament starts proceedings.
1999 - US President Bill Clinton calls for multinational military exercises in preparation for a mission to East Timor, which was ravaged by Indonesian-controlled militias after residents voted for independence.
2001 - Ansett, Australia's second biggest airline, collapses, leaving thousands of passengers stranded and placing 60,000 jobs in jeopardy.
2001 - Patriotism mixes with prayer as Americans pack churches and clog public squares on a day of remembrance for the victims of the September 11 attacks.
2002 - The Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), a Christian fundamentalist rebel group trying to overthrow the Ugandan government since 1987, stages a series of attacks where four people are killed and 41 abducted.
2003 - Yetunde Price, a half-sister of tennis stars Venus and Serena Williams, is shot and killed in Compton, an impoverished suburb of Los Angeles.
2006 - Australian television personality Naomi Robson is deported from the Indonesian province of Papua after a failed search for a cannibal tribe.
2007 - Vladimir Putin rewrites the rules for Russia's closely watched presidential succession and names his new prime minister, Viktor Zubkov.
2009 - In a case that alters airport security worldwide, three British Muslims are imprisoned for at least 30 years each for a plot to kill thousands by blowing up trans-Atlantic airliners with liquid explosives hidden in soft drink bottles.
2010 - Up to 50 armed people rampage through the remote central Australian community of Yuendumu over the stabbing death of a man in Warlpiri town camp, leaving four people injured and a house and six cars on fire.
2012 - Asylum seekers arrive in Nauru, the first to be dealt with under the Gillard government's offshore processing scheme.
2013 - A diplomatic breakthrough on securing and destroying Syria's chemical weapons stockpile averts the threat of US military action.
2015 - Malcolm Turnbull announces he is challenging Prime Minister Tony Abbott for the Liberal Party leadership.
2016 - Greens senators stage a walkout during One Nation leader Pauline Hanson's maiden speech in parliament where she calls for a ban on Muslim immigration.
2017 - The world's eldest giant panda, Basi, dies in China, aged 37. Basi lived more than 17 years longer than most pandas in the world.
Maria Luigi Cherubini, Italian composer (1760-1842); Alexander von Humboldt, German astronomer-explorer (1769-1859); Clayton Moore, American actor (1914-1999); Zoe Caldwell, Australian actress (1933-); Kate Millett, US feminist (1934-2017); Nicol Williamson, British actor (1938-2011); Joey Heatherton, US actress (1944-); Sam Neill, New Zealand actor (1947-); Geraldine Brooks, Australian-American writer (1955-); Kepler Wessels, South African cricketer (1957-); Faith Ford, US actress (1964-); Dmitry Medvedev, Russian president,(1965-); Tyler Perry, US director and playwright (1969-); Gabrielle Richens, UK model (1974-); Hicham El Guerrouj, Moroccan athlete (1974-); Amy Winehouse, British singer (1983-2011); Jimmy Butler, US basketballer (1989-).
Thought for Today:
Keep your mouth shut, your eyes open - Japanese proverb.