Highlights in history on this date:
1497 - British rebels under Perkin Warbeck, the son of a Flanders official, attempt to take Exeter.
1631 - Swedish-Saxon army under Gustav II Adolf of Sweden destroys Catholic army at Breitenfeld, Germany, marking the rise of Sweden as a major power.
1665 - Great bubonic plague breaks out in London.
1730 - Ahmet XII of Turkey is deposed, and is succeeded by Mahmoud I.
1787 - US Constitution is signed.
1796 - President George Washington delivers his farewell address to the American people. He had been president since 1789.
1871 - The Mont Cenis Tunnel, the first of the great tunnels through the Alps to be completed, is opened.
1888 - Britain establishes protectorate over Sarawak on Borneo.
1900 - Proclamation of Commonwealth of Australia as Federal Union of the six colonies.
1931 - The first long-playing record to rotate at 33-1/3 rpm was demonstrated by the RCA Victor company at the Savoy Plaza Hotel, New York.
1944 - Academy award-winning Australian cameraman Damien Parer is killed while filming US troops at Peleliu in the Pacific.
1966 - Mission: Impossible television series premieres on CBS.
1967 - Riot during soccer game in Turkey kills 42 people and injures 600 others.
1970 - Open warfare erupts in Jordan between King Hussein's army and Palestinian guerrillas, precipitating world crisis.
1980 - Exiled Nicaraguan leader Anastasio Somoza is assassinated in explosion that wrecks his car in Asuncion, Paraguay.
1992 - Italy joins Britain in pulling out of European exchange rate treaties.
1999 - About 30,000 people are evacuated from the Gulf Coast states of Tabasco and Veracruz, where a week of heavy rainfall has caused several rivers to overflow and about a dozen deaths.
1999 - Frankie Vaughan, British 1950s matinee idol and crooner who once starred opposite Marilyn Monroe, dies aged 71.
2000 - Michael Diamond becomes Australia's greatest shooter when he defends his Atlanta gold medal with a runaway win in the trap at the Sydney Olympics.
2001 - The New York Stock Exchange reopens after a four-day shutdown following the September 11 attacks, the longest break since the Great Depression.
2002 - Japanese Premier Junichiro Koizumi travels to Pyongyang, North Korea's capital, for an unprecedented summit meeting with North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il.
2004 - The European Union launches a new paramilitary force designed to help restore public order to regions emerging from conflict such as the Balkans.
2006 - Typhoon Shanshan sweeps toward southwestern Japan, leaving at least five people dead or missing and injuring more than 100.
2008 - An assault on the US Embassy in San'a, Yemen kills 19 people, including an American woman and six militants.
2009 - US president Barack Obama abruptly cancels a long-planned missile shield for Eastern Europe, replacing a Bush-era project that was bitterly opposed by Russia with a plan he contends will better defend against a growing threat of Iranian missiles.
2010 - Hurricane Karl smashes into Mexico's Gulf Coast, creating havoc in the port city of Veracruz and forcing the country to shut down its only nuclear power plant and its central Gulf Coast oil platforms.
2011 - Protest movement Occupy Wall Street begins in New York.
2013 - Russia insists that a UN Security Council resolution governing Syria's handling of its chemical weapons does not allow the use of force but suggests that could change if Damascus reneges on the deal to give up its stockpile.
2015 - The Northern Territory Commissioner for Corrections slams a report into the tear-gassing and hooding of teenagers in juvenile detention, saying the report is inaccurate.
2016 - An explosion in a crowded New York neighbourhood in Manhattan leaves more than 25 people injured, in an attack linked to other explosions in New Jersey.
2017 - Those in Central Australia are treated to an orange-green light streaking through the night sky, thought to be a freshly launched rocket or space junk.
Marie-Jean Caritat, French philosopher (1743-1794); Sir Francis Chichester, British sailor (1901-1972); Hank Williams, US musician (1923-1953); Sir Stirling Moss, English race car driver (1929-); Anne Bancroft, US actress (1931-2005); Ken Kesey, US author (1935-2001); John Ritter, US actor (1948-2003); BeBe Winans, US singer (1962-); Baz Luhrmann, Australian film director (1962-); Anastacia, US singer (1968-); Tomas Berdych, Czech tennis player (1985-); Daniel Huttlestone, English actor and singer (1999-).
Thought For Today:
There is no grief which time does not lessen and soften - Cicero, Roman scholar (106-43 BC).