Highlights in history on this date:
1861 - Archer wins the first Melbourne Cup.
1873 - The first edition of the Northern Territory Times is published.
1885 - Canada's first trans-continental railway, the Canadian Pacific, is completed in British Columbia.
1956 - British and French declare ceasefire in Egypt, but Britain says it will evacuate troops only on arrival of United Nations Emergency Force.
1966 - Chinese diplomats walk out of Bolshevik Anniversary celebration in Moscow after hearing Soviet criticism of Chinese government.
1972 - US President Richard Nixon is re-elected.
1980 - Death of US actor Steve McQueen.
1981 - Soviet Defence Minister Dmitri Ustinov says the USSR will never allow another nation to achieve military superiority.
1989 - East German government resigns after pro-democracy protests.
1990 - Mary Robinson elected in Ireland's first presidential election in 17 years, becoming the country's first female president.
1992 - King Hussein of Jordan tells Iraqis it is time to put an end to the government of Saddam Hussein.
1993 - Palestinian gunmen fire on a rabbi's car and Jewish settlers in occupied territories riot.
1994 - A former head of a Bosnian Serb concentration camp becomes the first to be charged with war crimes after World War II when the War Crimes Tribunal in Hague makes its first indictment.
1995 - Three American servicemen plead guilty to raping a 12-year-old Okinawan schoolgirl.
1999 - On the eve of final status talks with the Palestinians, three pipe bombs explode in an Israeli beach town and wound 33 people.
2000 - German police recapture a convicted child rapist on his sixth escape from prison, ending a nearly two-week manhunt.
2002 - In a setback to negotiations between London and Madrid, Gibraltarians overwhelmingly reject a British-Spanish plan to share sovereignty of the colony in a referendum.
2003 - Turkey and the United States scrap plans to send Turkish troops to Iraq, a setback for US policy after Washington fails to break resistance to the deployment from Iraq's governing council.
2004 - Howard Keel, the Hollywood actor who dominated 1950s musicals, including Seven Brides for Seven Brothers, and later revived his career on television with Dallas, dies aged 85.
2005 - Former Peruvian president Alberto Fujimori is arrested in Chile on charges involving corruption and massacres as he returns home to run for re-election after five years as a protected exile in Japan.
2006 - Japanese Horse Delta Blues wins the Melbourne Cup.
2007 - More than 30 surgeons in India complete a 24-hour operation on Lakshmi to remove the two-year-old's extra pair of arms and legs to save her life.
2008 - An environmentalist group and four Nigerians file suit against Royal Dutch Shell in the Netherlands.
2009 - Lebanon's Syrian-backed factions finally agree on a unity government proposed by their pro-Western rivals, ending a four-month deadlock in the deeply divided country.
2011 - Michael Jackson's doctor, Conrad Murray, is convicted of involuntary manslaughter after a trial that painted him as a reckless caregiver who administered a lethal dose of a powerful anaesthetic that killed the pop star.
2012 - Britain calls on the United States and other allies to do more to shape the Syrian opposition into a coherent force.
2014 - An already difficult senate gets even tougher for the Abbott government to negotiate with, after PUP Senator Jacquie Lambie threatens to vote against all government legislation unless the Defence Force pay rise is increased.
2015 - Trade Union royal commission clears Bill Shorten of wrongdoing during his time at the helm of the Victorian AWU.
2016 - US Presidential candidate Donald Trump cries foul after his rival Democrat Hillary Clinton is cleared by the FBI of criminal conduct on her emails.
2017 - US President Donald Trump arrives in Seoul and urges North Korea to "come to the table" and "make a deal".
James Cook, British explorer and cartographer (1728-1779); Leon Trotsky, Russian Communist leader (1879-1940); Dame Joan Sutherland, Australian soprano (1926-2010); Barry Newman, US actor (1938-); Helen Garner, Australian author (1942-): Joni Mitchell, Canadian folk singer (1943-); David Guetta, French DJ (1967-); Jeremy and Jason London, US twin actors (1972-); Mark Philippoussis, Australian tennis player (1976-); Tinie Tempah, English rapper and producer (1988-).
Thought For Today:
Examine what is said, not him who speaks - Arab proverb.