Highlights in history on this date:
1888 - Tamworth, NSW, becomes first town in Southern Hemisphere to be lit by electricity.
1923 - Fourteen Nazis are killed as federal troops break up march of Adolf Hitler's storm troopers in Munich, Germany.
1938 - Bands of Nazis roam streets of Germany, burning and destroying Jewish synagogues, homes and stores in Kristallnacht (the night of broken glass).
1963 - Coal mine explosion at Umuta, Japan kills 452 miners and injures 450 others.
1971 - Chinese Communists make their first appearance at the United Nations.
1975 - Morocco's King Hassan calls off People's March into Spanish Sahara.
1982 - Western sources say up to 2700 civilians and Soviet soldiers in a convoy have perished after a fiery collision in a mountain tunnel in Afghanistan.
1986 - Israel reveals it is holding Mordechai Vanunu, a former nuclear technician accused of providing information to British newspaper about Israel's nuclear weapons program.
1987 - At least 32 people are killed and 105 wounded when a Bomb explodes during rush hour in crowded area of Colombo.
1989 - East Germany opens its borders, leading to the eventual tearing down of the Berlin Wall.
1990 - Nepal adopts a new Constitution, creating a democratic government, five months after a popular revolt reduces the all-powerful king to a constitutional monarch.
1991 - Shifting positions, Serbia urges UN to send peacekeeping troops to Croatia.
1992 - Some 100,000 people demonstrate in cities throughout Germany on the 54th anniversary of the Nazis' Kristallnacht attacks against Jews.
1993 - Flush from a parliamentary election victory, King Hussein says Jordan will forge ahead in negotiating peace with Israel.
1994 - Iran sends jet fighters to bomb an Iranian Kurdish base in northern Iraq, the second attack in a week on dissidents operating from Iraq.
1996 - Taiwan says it will no longer use its wealth to fight China's diplomatic blockade.
1997 - Israeli and Greek Orthodox authorities announce the discovery in a Byzantine church ruin of a stone on which the Virgin Mary is said to have rested on her way to Bethlehem.
1999 - France's National Assembly votes 315-249 to approve a law granting extensive legal rights to unmarried couples, including gays.
2000 - An Israeli combat helicopter drops rockets on a car carrying Palestinian terrorists, killing one and wounding another critically.
2001 - Afghanistan's ruling Taliban sends a thousand more fighters to the frontlines, reinforcing its troops north of Kabul as American jets range throughout the country in support of the opposition alliance.
2002 - Iyad Sawalha, head of Islamic Jihad's military wing and the top of an Israeli wanted list, is shot dead in Jenin by Israeli forces.
2004 - Sudan signs two landmark peace deals with rebels for a ban on military flights over Darfur and covering security and humanitarian access to the region.
2005 - About 60 people are killed when three suicide bombers blow themselves up in three international hotels in Amman.
2006 - Jews are welcomed back into the heart of Munich with a procession of Torah scrolls and the dedication of a new downtown synagogue that was destroyed under Hitler's orders.
2007 - Detained pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, who has been under house arrest for 12 of the past 18 years, meets with members of her opposition party - their first direct contact in more than three years.
2008 - Bali bombers Amrozi, his brother Mukhlas and Imam Samudra are executed by firing squad on an Indonesian prison island.
2009 - Chancellor Angela Merkel and former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev cross the former Berlin Wall to cheers of "Gorby! Gorby!"
2010 - A special US prosecutor clears the CIA's former top clandestine officer and others of any charges for destroying agency videotapes showing waterboarding of terror suspects.
2012 - Sydney man Ian Potterton, 51, is arrested in Bangkok on pedophile-related charges as he is about to board a flight to Australia.
2014 - As Prime Minister Tony Abbott sets off for the APEC summit in Beijing, his government is preparing to seal a free trade deal with China that has been 10 years in the making.
2015 - Riot police enter the Christmas Island detention facility during a tense stand-off between detainees and authorities.
2016 - Dreamworld announces it will demolish the Thunder River Rapids ride that caused the death of four Australians when it flipped a couple of weeks earlier.
2017 - NSW Department of Education head Mark Scott says schools and children need to prepare for robots taking over their classrooms of the future.
John Singleton, Australian media businessman (1941-); Lou Ferrigno, US actor (1951-); Kevin Andrews, Australian Liberal politician (1955-); Laura Csortan, Australian model and television presenter (1976-); Jana Pittman, Australian athlete (1982-); Delta Goodrem, Australian singer-actress (1984-).
Thought For Today:
All life is an experiment - Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr, US Supreme Court justice (1841-1935).