Highlights in history on this date:
461 - Death of Pope Leo I (the Great), pope from 440-461.
1938 - Anti-Semitic legislation is adopted in Italy.
1944 - It is disclosed that Germany is using a new weapon, a V-2 rocket, against England.
1945 - Western powers recognise Communist-dominated Albanian government.
1956 - Baghdad Pact nations boycott Britain.
1962 - President of Yemen accuses Britain of plotting to overthrow regime.
1963 - Cholera epidemic in India and Pakistan is reported to have killed more than 1500 people in previous few weeks.
1969 - Children's educational program Sesame Street makes its debut on PBS television in the United States.
1973 - Secretary of State Henry Kissinger arrives in Beijing and gives assurance that US is determined to complete normalisation of relations with China as soon as possible.
1975 - Angola becomes independent of Portugal in midst of civil war.
1976 - Syrian troops and tanker enter Beirut without resistance under agreement for multinational Arab peacekeeping force.
1980 - East German president Erich Honecker makes his first state visit to a western country, Austria.
1988 - Soldiers open fire and kill at least 15 people in Sri Lanka when anti-government demonstrators defy curfew.
1989 - Gaby Kennard arrives back in Sydney, the first person to fly single-handed around the world.
1990 - Chandra Shekhar is sworn in as prime minister of India.
1992 - UN nuclear inspectors in Baghdad remove 200 drums containing uranium from an Iraqi atomic facility.
1993 - A jury in Manassas, Virginia, acquits John Wayne Bobbitt of marital sexual assault against his wife, Lorena, who had cut off his penis with a pair of scissors.
1994 - Iraq formally recognises Kuwait as sovereign state.
1995 - Minority rights activist Ken Saro-Wiwa and eight of his associates are hanged in a Nigerian prison after being convicted on murder charges.
1995 - President Alija Izetbegovic of Bosnia and Franjo Tudjman of Croatia initial an agreement shoring up their federation in the first breakthrough of US-led talks aimed at ending four years of war in the former Yugoslavia.
1996 - China announces a ban on US fruits, alcoholic drinks, textiles and other imports in retaliation against a US penalty for alleged trade violations.
1997 - A judge overturns the conviction of Louise Woodward, a British au pair accused of killing her toddler charge in Boston, and orders her set free.
2001 - Prime minister John Howard celebrates his third term in office following the Liberal-National Party coalition's federal election victory.
2003 - The US Supreme Court agrees to rule on whether federal courts had jurisdiction over cases challenging the detention of suspected terrorists at the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba.
2006 - Zimbabwe's government launches a program to issue 99-year leases to black farmers allocated land seized mostly from white farmers.
2007 - Six US troops are killed when insurgents ambush their foot patrol in the high mountains of eastern Afghanistan.
2008 - Commuter chaos in Italy after railway and mass transit workers strike and the national airline scraps dozens of flights due to a protest by some of Alitalia's staff.
2009 - North and South Korean navies clash at sea in what some analysts say is a provocation by the communist nation a week before US President Barack Obama's visit to Seoul.
2010 - President Barack Obama tells global leaders in Seoul, South Korea, the burden is on them as well as the US to fix trade-stifling imbalances and currency disputes that imperil economic recoveries everywhere.
2011 - Europe's financial crisis eases as Greece installs a respected economist to replace its Prime Minister and Italy appears poised to do the same.
2012 - The newly elected leader of Syria's main opposition group slams the international community for inaction, saying fighters are in desperate need of weapons to break the stalemate with President Bashar al-Assad's forces.
2013 - Typhoon Haiyan leaves thousands dead in the Philippines.
2014 - About 46 students are killed by a suicide bomber during a school assembly in Nigeria.
2015 - Prince Charles and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, begin a six-day tour of SA, NSW and WA.
2016 - The handover of power to the US Republican party officially kicks off with a meeting between newly-elected president Donald Trump and outgoing leader Barack Obama at the White House.
2017 - Syria agrees to join the Paris climate accord, leaving the US the only country opposed.
Martin Luther, German-born Protestant Reformation leader (1483-1546); Bobby Limb, Australian show business personality (1924-1999); Brittany Murphy, US actress (1977-2009); Miranda Lambert, US singer (1983-); Ricki-Lee Coulter, Australian singer (1985-); Jessica Tovey, Australian actress (1987-).
Thought For Today:
A nickname is the heaviest stone that the devil can throw at a man - William Hazlitt, British essayist (1778-1830).