Calls for a cultural overhaul of Victoria's Liberal party could get off to a flying start with the addition of a woman to the parliamentary leadership team.
However the options are limited following the party's election routing which left just three women in the lower house, one a newcomer to parliament.
"It's a sad reflection that we have lost good female members of parliament," outgoing Liberal MP John Pesutto told reporters on Wednesday as he reluctantly conceded the seat of Hawthorn to Labor.
"We need a culture and an environment that's more inviting.
"Even in the types of questions that I know many of my dear female friends who have been in parliament and contested preselections, the types of questions they often get are very different to the types of questions I would get."
The party meets on Wednesday to elect the state's new opposition leader, replacing Matthew Guy who held his position in parliament after the November 24 poll but relinquished the party leadership.
Mr Pesutto had been a frontrunner for the top job but following his ousting from parliament, Michael O'Brien - who has held the role of shadow treasurer - is the likely contender.
The Liberals suffered a shocking swing at the polls and preferences weren't kind.
Frontbencher Heidi Victoria bowed out of Bayswater where Labor's Jackson Taylor claimed victory.
A recount is under way for Ripon where based on the current count, Louise Staley lost by just 31 votes.
Mr Pesutto offered some parting advice to Liberal candidate recruiters at a state and federal level: start appealing to people who are fiscally conservative, but have a broad range of social views including on climate change.
"We've at least got to arm candidates and MPs with the ability to engage people," he said.
Incoming Hawthorn MP John Kennedy, a retirement village resident and former teacher, admitted he was surprised by the win, but attributed his success to Labor's infrastructure plans and being at early polling booths daily to meet constituents.
Mr Pesutto admitted things went wrong, that the federal leadership crisis didn't help and conceded many voters were turned off by the party's social and other policies.
The much-depleted parliamentary team of 20 Liberals in the lower house, would have the support of the wider party to deliver cultural and policy change, but it would be tough, he said.
Lower house vote counting and preference distribution is complete, but the Victorian Electoral Commission continues to finalise upper house results.