Highlights in history on this date:
1820 - The first white men camp at Limestone Plains, the site of Australia's future national capital, Canberra.
1889 - Gilbert and Sullivan's comic opera The Gondoliers premieres in London.
1907 - Commonwealth and South Australia agree on the transfer of Northern Territory to the Commonwealth.
1915 - Evacuation of Anzac forces from Gallipoli begins.
1922 - Northern Ireland votes for non-alignment in Irish Free State.
1940 - The British make a surprise attack on larger Italian forces in Libya, capturing 40,000 prisoners in three days.
1941 - Japanese planes attack the US Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, destroying many aircraft and ships and precipitating the US declaration of war on Japan.
1949 - Nationalist government of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, fleeing the Communist takeover of mainland China, establishes its seat of government in Taiwan.
1953 - David Ben-Gurion resigns as premier of Israel.
1971 - Unmanned Soviet space capsule sends back radio and television signals from planet Mars.
1975 - Indonesia invades East Timor.
1988 - Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, at United Nations, announces unilateral reduction of his country's troops, tanks, combat aircraft and artillery.
1995 - The Australian Federal Court finds Aboriginal Affairs Minister Robert Tickner failed to follow due process in placing a 25-year ban on the Hindmarsh Island Bridge.
1995 - A probe from the Galileo spacecraft enters the gases of Jupiter's atmosphere and sends back 75 minutes of data before it disintegrates.
1996 - After nearly 18 days aloft, Columbia and its astronauts return to Earth, ending the longest-ever space shuttle flight.
1999 - A teenage student apparently bent on revenge opens fire inside a high school in the Netherlands, wounding a teacher and four students in the first school shooting in Dutch history.
2001 - A consortium of philanthropic foundations announces an initiative to provide treatment for an estimated 2.5 million pregnant women infected with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa.
2002 - Iraq turns over to United Nations weapons inspectors a document detailing its weapons of mass destruction programs and industries with military applications.
2004 - Hamid Karzai is sworn in as Afghanistan's first popularly elected president.
2007 - Swarms of desert locusts invade Kenya's arid northeast.
2008 - Pakistani troops raid a militant camp and arrest Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi, a suspected mastermind of the attacks in the Indian city of Mumbai on November 26-29 that killed more than 171 people.
2010 - WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange is arrested in the UK, on a Swedish warrant, wanted for questioning over allegations of rape, unlawful coercion and sexual molestation.
2013 - US doctors report unprecedented success by using gene therapy to transform patients' blood cells into soldiers that seek to destroy cancer.
2014 - Typhoon Hagupit tears apart homes and sends waves crashing through coastal communities across the eastern Philippines.
2016 - A teenager is jailed for seven years in Melbourne after planning to set off a homemade bomb in the city's CBD; his sentence is later increased to 11 years after an appeal by Commonwealth prosecutors.
2017 - Federal parliament votes to make same-sex marriage legal in Australia.
Noam Chomsky, US linguist and political activist (1928-); Ellen Burstyn, US actress (1932-); Tom Waits, US singer-songwriter (1949-); Amanda Vanstone, Australian politician and diplomat (1952-); John Watkins, Australian politician (1955-); Geoff Lawson, Australian cricketer (1957-); C Thomas Howell, US actor (1966-); Aaron Carter, US pop singer (1987-); Emily Browning, Australian actress (1988-).
Thought For Today:
Any frontal attack on ignorance is bound to fail because the masses are always ready to defend their most precious possession - their ignorance. - Hendrik Willem van Loon, Dutch-American journalist and lecturer (1882-1944).