Highlights in history on this date:
1594 - Gustavus II of Sweden born; by the time of his death in 1632 Sweden had become the strongest power in Europe.
1625 - England and United Provinces agree to subsidise Denmark's King Christian IV in his campaign against Germany.
1824 - Spain's army is defeated at Ayacucho, Peru, by Simon Bolivar's forces.
1854 - Alfred Lord Tennyson's poem The Charge of the Light Brigade is published in England.
1868 - WE Gladstone becomes British prime minister for the first of his four terms.
1905 - Salome, a one-act opera by Richard Strauss from the story by Oscar Wilde, has its first performance in Dresden, Germany, and is condemned as obscene.
1940 - British 8th Army opens offensive in North Africa in World War II.
1941 - China formally issues a declaration of war against Japan, Germany and Italy.
1949 - Western Australian plebiscite rejects prohibition.
1967 - The Cunard liner Queen Mary docks at Long Beach, California, after its final voyage.
1972 - North Vietnam and Soviet Union conclude agreement for economic and military aid to Hanoi.
1976 - UN General Assembly calls for Middle East peace conference in Geneva with Palestine Liberation Organisation taking part.
1983 - Treasurer Paul Keating announces floating of the Australian dollar.
1990 - Poles elect Lech Walesa president in Poland's first free elections.
1992 - Prince Charles and Princess Diana of Britain announce they are separating but have no plans to divorce.
1994 - After 25 years of violence, the Irish Republican Army sits down with British officials to talk peace.
1996 - In Australia, independent politician Pauline Hanson sacks adviser John Pasquarelli.
1997 - Death of the last Australian survivor who landed at Gallipoli on April 25, 1915, Ted Matthews.
2002 - United Airlines files for bankruptcy, the largest such case ever in the global airline industry.
2004 - Canada's Supreme Court rules that gay marriage is constitutional.
2005 - French Socialist Realist painter Boris Taslitzky, who risked death drawing portraits on scraps of SS stationery he stole as a prisoner at a Nazi concentration camp, dies aged 94.
2010 - Student protesters angry over a hike in university tuition confront riot police, vandalise government buildings and attack a car carrying Prince Charles and his wife, Camilla.
2011 - Sir Zelman Cowen, Australia's 19th governor-general, dies aged 92.
2014 - Australian con artist Samantha Azzopardi is deported from Canada to Sydney after duping Irish and Canadian authorities with false horrific tales of being a child sexual abuse victim.
2015 - Australian Federal Police raid the Sydney home of Craig Steven Wright - whom media claimed was suspected to be Satoshi Nakamoto, the founder of Bitcoin - in relation to possible tax offences.
2016 - South Korean MPs vote to impeach the country's first female leader President Park Geun-hye, amid protests that drew millions into the streets.
2017 - Iraq announces that its war against Islamic State is over.
John Milton, English poet (1608-1674); Clarence Birdseye, US frozen food inventor (1886-1956); Douglas Fairbanks Jr, US actor (1909-2000); Kirk Douglas, US actor (1916-); Bob Hawke, former Australian prime minister (1929-); Dame Judi Dench, British actress (1934-); Joan Armatrading, British singer-songwriter (1950-); John Malkovich, US actor (1953-); Nick Seymour, Australian rock musician of Crowded House fame (1958-); Felicity Huffman, US actress, (1962-); Imogen Heap, English singer/songwriter (1977-); Larry Emdur, Australian television personality (1964-).
Thought For Today:
The well of Providence is deep. It's the buckets we bring to it that are small - Mary Webb, Scottish religious leader. (1881-1927).