Highlights in history on this date:
1419 - English force captures French city of Rouen.
1822 - Liberal Constitution is adopted in Greece.
1893 - Britain's Independent Labour Party, precursor to the current Labour Party, holds its first meeting.
1898 - Emile Zola's famous defence of Captain Alfred Dreyfus, J'Accuse, is published in Paris.
1910 - New York's Metropolitan Opera takes part in the first live radio broadcast of opera, presenting Pagliacci and Cavalleria Rusticana.
1915 - The town of Avezzano in central Italy is struck by a huge earthquake in which 30,000 people die.
1921 - Fire destroys 11 buildings in downtown Perth, Western Australia.
1929 - Death of US marshal Wyatt Earp, famous for his role in the 1881 gunfight at the OK Corral.
1939 - Seventy-one people die in Victoria's Black Friday bushfires, as temperatures in Melbourne reach a record 45.6C.
1941 - Irish novelist James Joyce dies in Zurich.
1945 - Soviet forces begin offensive in Silesia, Germany, in World War II.
1968 - US singer Johnny Cash performed live at California's Folsom State Prison. The recording became a best-selling album.
1989 - Computers across Britain are hit by the Friday the 13th virus.
1992 - US serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer pleads guilty but insane to 15 mutilation killings.
1994 - Italian Premier Carlo Ciampi resigns, opening the way for parliamentary elections that oust the scandal-scarred parties that have dominated Italy for five decades.
2001 - Earthquake measuring magnitude of 7.6 on the Richter scale strikes El Salvador, killing more than 840 people.
2005 - Mark Thatcher, son of former British prime minister Margaret Thatcher, pleads guilty to helping bankroll a botched coup plot in Equatorial Guinea.
2007 - Ten former members of the Nazi SS receive life sentences for their part in the 1944 slaughter of more than 700 people near Bologna.
2008 - Kayakers James Castrission, 25, and Justin Jones, 24, arrive in New Zealand, 62 days after leaving Australia to cross the Tasman Sea.
2009 - Aviation pioneer Nancy Bird Walton dies, aged 93.
2010 - More than 200,000 people in Russia's North Caucasus are left without gas after a bomb attack on a gas pipeline.
2011 - The worst floods and mudslides in recent memory strike mountain towns north of Rio de Janeiro, killing more than 900 people.
2012 - The Italian cruise ship Costa Concordia strikes rocks and keels over off Italy's west coast. A total of 32 people die.
2013 - A Cairo appeals court overturns Hosni Mubarak's life sentence and orders a retrial of the former Egyptian president for failing to prevent the killing of hundreds of protesters during the 2001 uprising that toppled his regime.
2014 - Israeli officials and international dignitaries farewell former prime minister Ariel Sharon at a state funeral.
2015 - The Socceroos beat Oman 4-0 in Sydney, securing a place in the Asian Cup quarter-finals.
2016 - Satellite footage shows curious "spider vein" starburst markings cropping up on Mars in the red planet's annual spring show.
2018 - Iran vows to fight back against sanctions imposed on its judiciary head by the US, as President Donald Trump steps up efforts to "fix" a nuclear deal between Tehran and major powers.
Antoinette Bourignon, Flemish mystic (1616-1680); Prosper Jolyot de Crebillion, French dramatist (1674-1762); Roy Cazaly, Australian Rules footballer (1893-1963); Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen, New Zealand-born former Queensland premier (1911-2005); Paul Kelly, Australian singer/songwriter (1955-); Julia Louis-Dreyfus, US actress (1961-); Graham "Suggs" McPherson, British singer of Madness fame (1961-); Mark Bosnich, Australian goalkeeper (1972-); Orlando Bloom, British actor (1977-); Liam Hemsworth, Australian actor (1990-).
Thought for Today:
If all mankind minus one, were of one opinion, and only one person were of the contrary opinion, mankind would be no more justified in silencing that one person, than he, if he had the power, would be justified in silencing mankind. - John Stuart Mill, English philosopher (1806-1873).