Highlights in history on this date:
1742 - Death of English astronomer Edmond Halley, who calculated the orbit of Halley's Comet.
1784 - United States ratifies peace treaty with England, formally ending American War of Independence.
1814 - Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden in treaty of Kiel.
1830 - Explorer Charles Sturt discovers river joining Murrumbidgee system which he calls the Murray (unaware same river had already been found by Hamilton and William Hume in 1824 and called the Hume.)
1852 - Melbourne fails in its bid to become Australia's capital.
1867 - Peru declares war on Spain.
1878 - The first private connection by telephone in Britain is made on the Isle of Wight when Queen Victoria speaks to Thomas Biddulph.
1898 - Death of Charles Dodgson, better known as Lewis Carroll, British author of Alice in Wonderland.
1900 - Puccini's opera Tosca receives a mixed reception at its Rome world premiere.
1950 - US recalls all consular personnel from China.
1953 - Josip Broz Tito elected president of Yugoslavia by parliament.
1957 - Death from cancer of US actor Humphrey Bogart, star of The Maltese Falcon, Casablanca and The African Queen.
1958 - Qantas begins round-world service with two Super Constellation aircraft.
1960 - The Reserve Bank of Australia is founded.
1965 - The prime ministers of Northern Ireland and Ireland meet for the first time in 43 years.
1977 - Death of Australian actor Peter Finch, aged 60. He would win a posthumous Oscar for his role in Network.
1979 - Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen achieves a record 10 years, five months and six days as Queensland premier.
1980 - The UN General Assembly approves a motion calling for immediate withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan following the Soviet invasion in December 1979.
1994 - In post-Cold War breakthroughs, US President Bill Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin sign Kremlin accords to stop aiming missiles at any nation and to dismantle the nuclear arsenal of Ukraine.
1996 - Yitzak Rabin's confessed assassin, Yigal Amir, is formally charged with conspiracy to murder.
1998 - An international treaty comes into effect protecting the entire continent of Antarctica as a global wilderness preserve.
2002 - The US House Energy and Commerce Committee releases a letter sent in August 2001 by an executive of Enron Corp to Kenneth Lay, the energy company's chairman and chief executive officer, pointing out improprieties in the now-bankrupt Enron's accounting practices.
2004 - US President George W Bush outlines a dramatic shift in US space policy targeting a return to the Moon and an eventual manned mission to Mars.
2005 - In Sri Lanka, nine desperate, heartbroken women quarrel over an infant dubbed Baby 81 - all claiming he was torn from them by the tsunami.
2008 - HIH founder Ray Williams is released from Sydney's Silverwater Jail after serving just under three years for the collapse of the insurance giant.
2010 - Protesters enraged over soaring unemployment and corruption drive Tunisian President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali from power, after 23 years of iron-fisted rule.
2011 - The body of a woman, the 16th victim of the devastating Queensland floods, is found at Grantham, in the Lockyer Valley.
2012 - A suicide bomber kills at least 53 people and injures more than 130 in the Iraqi city of Basra.
2015 - A 22-year-old gunman, Omar El-Hussein, kills one man and injures three police at a Copenhagen cafe that is hosting a debate on Islam and free speech.
2016 - British actor Alan Rickman dies of cancer in London, aged 69.
2018 - The US Federal communications commission launches a full investigation into a false emergency alert that a missile was headed for Hawaii.
Albert Schweitzer, German-French missionary and doctor (1875-1965); Faye Dunaway, US actress (1941-); Graham Marsh, Australian golfer (1944-); Steven Soderbergh, US film writer-director (1963-); Emily Watson, British actor (1967-); LL Cool J, US rapper-actor (1968-); Dave Grohl, US singer-musician (1969-); Jason Bateman, US actor (1969-); Caleb Followill, US singer-musician (1982-); Jack P Shepherd, English actor (1988-).
Thought for Today:
Dignity is like a perfume; those who use it are scarcely conscious of it - Queen Christina of Sweden (1626-1689).