Highlights in history on this date:
69 - Roman Emperor Servius Sulpicius Galba, who succeeded Nero in 68 AD, is assassinated by the Praetorian guard in the Roman Forum.
1535 - King Henry VIII assumes title of Supreme Head of the Church in England.
1797 - James Hetherington, a London haberdasher, is fined for wearing his newest creation - the top hat.
1834 - Fifty-five convicts are tried after a mutiny on Norfolk Island; 29 are condemned to death and 13 are executed.
1892 - A Springfield, Massachusetts, magazine called Triangle publishes the rules for a new game - basketball.
1900 - Bubonic plague reported in Adelaide after spreading from China to India and Noumea.
1922 - Irish Free State is established under Michael Collins.
1936 - The first all-glass office building opens in Toledo, Ohio. Appropriately, it was built for the Owens-Illinois Glass Company.
1943 - The Pentagon opens outside Washington DC. Home of the US Defence Department, it is the world's largest office building, covering 13.8 hectares and with 27 km of corridors.
1958 - Darwin gets connected for the first time; mail is delivered to individual addresses and direct telephone dialling is introduced.
1959 - The TV Week Awards, soon to be renamed the Logies, are presented for the first time in Melbourne.
1967 - The first Super Bowl is played as the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League defeat the Kansas City Chiefs of the American Football League 35-10.
1971 - Egypt's mighty Aswan Dam is opened by President Anwar Sadat.
1992 - European Community recognises Slovenia and Croatia as independent states.
1994 - US singer Harry Nilsson dies of heart failure, aged 53.
2000 - Zeljko Raznatovic, the notorious Serb paramilitary leader better known as Arkan, is shot and killed in a Belgrade hotel.
2004 - NASA scientists send the robotic rover Spirit out for its first spin on martian soil, commanding the six-wheeled vehicle to roll off its landing platform.
2005 - A US military jury sentences soldier Charles Graner to 10 years in prison for his leading role in the torture of prisoners at Iraq's Abu Ghraib prison in 2003.
2006 - Socialist paediatrician Michelle Bachelet, a former political prisoner, wins Chile's presidential election to become the Andean nation's first woman leader.
2008 - British Airways shows off its new terminal at Heathrow Airport, a five-storey building with marble floors, 112 shops and restaurants and windows with a distant view of Windsor Castle.
2008 - Sea Shepherd activists, Australian citizen Benjamin Potts and British citizen Giles Lane, are detained on Japanese whaling vessel Yashin Maru No 2 after jumping on board in protest against Japanese whaling activities in the Southern Ocean. They are released after two days.
2009 - US Airways Capt Chesley "Sully" Sullenberger ditches his airliner in the Hudson River after a flock of birds disables both the plane's engines. All 155 people aboard survive.
2011 - Large swathes of Queensland are devastated by the worst flooding in decades after heavy rainfalls.
2011 - France's right-wing firebrand Jean-Marie Le Pen bids adieu to the National Front party he founded nearly 40 years ago.
2014 - The body of Australian soldier Captain Paul McKay found near summit of Scarface Mountain in New York after a two-week search; a coroner rules suicide.
2016 - Al-Shabab militants attack a Kenyan military camp near the town of El Adde in southern Somalia, killing up to 200 soldiers.
2018 - A floor of Jakarta's Stock Exchange collapses injuring at least 72 people.
Mary MacKillop, Australian nun now known as St Mary of the Cross (1842-1909); Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate (1906-1975); Lloyd Bridges, US actor (1913-1998); Martin Luther King, American civil rights leader (1929-1968); Don Van Vliet, aka "Captain Beefheart", US singer (1941-2010); James Nesbitt, Irish actor (1965-); Mary Pierce, Canadian-born French tennis player (1975-); Greg Inglis, Australian rugby league player (1987-).
Thought For Today:
I refuse to accept the idea that the 'is-ness' of man's present nature makes him morally incapable of reaching up for the 'ought-ness' that forever confronts him - Martin Luther King Jr