Highlights in history on this date:
1554 - Lady Jane Grey is executed for treason in England.
1689 - Declaration of Rights in England, in which William and Mary are proclaimed king and queen for life.
1793 - John Macarthur receives land grant of 100 acres near Parramatta, NSW.
1851 - Edward Hargraves discovers gold at Summerhill Creek in NSW, triggering the Australian gold rush.
1908 - First round-the-world car race begins in New York.
1912 - Pu Yi, the last emperor of China, abdicates, ending more than 2000 years of imperial rule.
1924 - Tutankhamen's sarcophagus is opened to reveal his coffin, 15 months after the tomb was discovered.
1924 - George Gershwin's Rhapsody In Blue premieres in New York.
1929 - Death of Lillie Langtry (Emilie Charlotte Le Breton), actress and King Edward VII's mistress.
1934 - More than 1000 people are believed killed in clashes between the Austro-Fascist government of Engelbert Dollfuss and leftist workers.
1940 - The radio play The Adventures Of Superman debuts in the US, with Bud Collyer as the Man of Steel.
1953 - Britain and Egypt reach agreement on Sudan.
1961 - An interplanetary space station aimed at Venus is launched from the Soviet Union.
1973 - The first group of US prisoners of war is freed from North Vietnam.
1974 - Alexander Solzhenitsyn, Soviet Nobel Prize winner, is arrested at his Moscow apartment and exiled the following day.
1986 - The Channel Tunnel treaty between Britain and France is signed.
1990 - Carmen Lawrence becomes premier of Western Australia, the first female premier of an Australian state.
1993 - Two 10-year-old boys lure two-year-old James Bulger from his mother at a shopping mall in Liverpool, England and kill him.
1994 - More than 100 people trek the 50km subterranean Channel Tunnel in a sponsored walk for charity, becoming the first humans to walk from France to Britain since the Ice Age.
1996 - Yasser Arafat takes office as the first Palestinian president.
1999 - US President Bill Clinton is acquitted by the Senate in an impeachment trial stemming from the Lewinsky scandal.
2000 - Peanuts creator Charles Schulz dies, aged 77.
2001 - A computer virus pretending to be a digital photo of tennis star Anna Kournikova overwhelms email servers in Europe and North America.
2002 - The Lord Of The Rings: The Fellowship Of The Ring receives 13 Academy Award nominations.
2009 - Sydney man Glenn Orgias loses a hand to a great white while surfing at Bondi Beach, the first shark attack at the famous stretch of sand since February 1951.
2013 - North Korea conducts its third nuclear test, taking a crucial step toward its goal of building a bomb small enough to be fitted on a missile capable of striking the US.
2017 - Authorities brace for catastrophic fire conditions across NSW as the state suffers through one of the worst heatwaves on record.
2018 - An unexploded bomb from World War II is removed from London's City Airport after all flights in and out were cancelled.
Charles Darwin, English scientist (1809-1882); Abraham Lincoln, US president (1809-1865); Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina (1881-1931); Franco Zeffirelli, Italian director (1923-); Judy Blume, author (1938-); Ray Manzarek, rock musician of The Doors fame (1939-2013); Sigrid Thornton, Australian actress (1959-); Chynna Phillips, US singer (1968-); Josh Brolin, American actor (1968-); Sacha Horler, Australian actress (1970-); Christina Ricci, US actress (1980-); Celia Pacquola, Australian comedian, writer, actor (1983 - ).
Thought For Today:
No man is good enough to govern another man without that other's consent. - Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865).