Highlights in history on this date:
978 - English king St Edward the Martyr is murdered at Corfe Castle on the orders of his stepmother, eager to see her son Ethelred crowned.
1229 - Roman Emperor Frederick II crowns himself king of Jerusalem during the Sixth Crusade.
1662 - The first buses, eight-seater vehicles known as "carrosses a cinq solz", run in Paris.
1834 - Six English labourers, dubbed the Tolpuddle Martyrs, are sentenced to seven years banishment to Australian penal colony for forming a trade union.
1871 - The insurrection of Paris against the French government begins.
1909 - Einar Dessau of Denmark uses a shortwave transmitter to converse with a government radio post about 10 km away in what's believed to be the first broadcast by a "ham" operator.
1910 - US magician Harry Houdini completes three flights in a biplane at Digger's Rest in Victoria, the first controlled flight in a powered aircraft in Australia.
1913 - Greece's King George I is assassinated in Salonika.
1914 - Fourteen suffragettes are arrested and fined in Perth for wearing unsheathed hatpins (which they were said to have used as weapons).
1931 - Schick markets the first electric razor.
1937 - More than 400 people, mostly children, are killed in a gas explosion at a school in Texas.
1965 - Soviet cosmonaut Aleksey Leonov becomes first man to leave an orbiting spacecraft and float in space.
1967 - Oil tanker Torrey Canyon is wrecked off the Cornish coast of England, spilling 919,000 barrels of oil.
1969 - US President Richard Nixon orders secret bombing of Cambodia.
1974 - Most of the Arab oil-producing nations end their embargo against the United States.
1978 - Former Pakistan Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto is found guilty of ordering the assassination of an opponent, and is sentenced to death.
1983 - King Umberto II of Italy dies in exile in Switzerland.
1993 - After six days of deadlock, security forces storm a hijacked Ethiopian airliner in the eastern town Dire Dawa, killing two of the four hijackers.
2001 - John Phillips, who co-founded the Mamas and the Papas and wrote hits including California Dreamin', dies in Los Angeles aged 65.
2005 - Greek sprinters Costas Kenteris and Katerina Thanou are cleared of charges over missing dope tests, including one on the eve of the 2004 Athens Olympics.
2006 - South Australian and Tasmanian elections return incumbent Labor governments.
2009 - Austrian incest father Josef Fritzl abruptly pleads guilty to all charges against him, levelled after he imprisoned his daughter for 24 years in a dungeon where she bore him seven children.
2013 - A Nielsen poll is grim news for Australian prime minister Julia Gillard, showing Labor's primary vote in a federal election would be 31 per cent.
2015 - Two gunmen open fire in the National Bardo Museum in the Tunisian capital, killing 21 people, including Australian Javier Camelo.
2018 - A Hindu cow rights activist who drank pesticide as part of a protest in India calling for the animals to be given greater protection dies of his injuries.
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer (1844-1908); Rudolf Diesel, German engineer (1858-1913); Neville Chamberlain, British statesman (1869-1940); John Updike, US author (1932-2009); FW de Klerk, former South African president (1936-); Wilson Pickett, US singer (1941-2006); Dick Smith, Australian businessman and aviator (1944-); Irene Cara, US singer (1959-); Luc Besson, French film director (1959-); Queen Latifah, US rapper and actress (1970-); Brooke Hanson, Australian swimmer (1978-).
THOUGHT FOR TODAY
It's easy to be independent when you've got money. But to be independent when you haven't got a thing - that's the Lord's test. - HMahalia Jackson, American gospel singer (1911-1972).